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Recent Department of Defense IPv4 activity and announcements about IPv6 indicate a shift in their perspective and suggest potential impacts on the IPv4 address market. The shift could include the release of up to 175 million IPv4 addresses in the coming years, creating a risk of a glut in the market. For perspective, the market has transferred 380 million addresses over eleven years.
Some bad actors in the email space misuse the system (sending unsolicited bulk email or phishing, for example). To combat this online pollution, systems have been developed that mark such senders for exclusion from the system. Understanding the scoring, monitoring and cleanup of such addresses is an important part of any IP transfer.
Among the problems created by the early design of the internet was the limited supply of IP addresses. To help solve this problem, markets have evolved, creating redistribution paths for “surplus” addresses. To read about the transfer of these assets, the changes taking place and to get some idea of the possible future…
Pronounced “cider,” CIDR stands for Classless Inter-Domain Routing. CIDR is a method for summarizing IP addresses. Its original goal was to slow the exhaustion of IPv4 addresses and help extend the life of IPv4. It also improved the efficiency of IP address assignments, and overall significantly improved the availability.
In a publication released on October 2, 2020, RIPE NCC reported its first seizure of IPv4 registration rights pursuant to a Dutch court order. Pursuant to the order, RIPE NCC effectuated a transfer of the IP Addresses from the liquidating debtor to its creditor.
One reason the Internet is so robust is that authority is decentralized: every network is run independently. Each network operator (whether a major cable or mobile company or community WISP (wireless ISP)) decides who they will connect to. As those networks connect, they tell each other what IP addresses they know how to reach.
With address prices rising, the reasons you may want to become a lessor are clear: extended predictable revenue. Leasing creates an opportunity to monetize IP addresses and sell an IP block for a higher price in the future versus in the current market – it allows the lessor to keep the IPv4 block in case of future need.
Recently, I had a conversation with someone whom I would classify as an IPv4 market opponent while I was at the African Network Information Center (AFRINIC) in Nairobi. It was a useful conversation for me, and hopefully for him as well.
IPv4, or Internet Protocol version 4, is a set of rules that allows devices, like computers and phones, to exchange data on the Internet. Each device and domain connected to the Internet is assigned a unique number, called an IP address. These addresses ensure data is routed to the correct device.
IPv4 address prices have experienced an inversion in recent months. What was once less costly per address is now relatively expensive. This unexpected turn of events has implications for both buyers and sellers and can be significant. That said, the impact depends on the circumstances of the buyer or seller. Find out more about the pricing changes in the marketplace in this blog.
All devices that connect to the internet need unique addresses. The number of IP addresses is limited, creating a demand for addresses worldwide, particularly from the cloud computing industry. This demand has raised the value of IPv4 to levels that the internet’s original developers didn’t predict, in part because the internet was considered an experiment at the time. Of course, use – and so demand – has exceeded anyone’s realistic expectations.
Not everyone benefits from a primer on classless routing and the origins of CIDR. But we all know someone who will. So, share our blog on the subject. It delves into how CIDR was developed to assign IP addresses in a wider variety of block sizes, reducing the waste of unused space. The division of address space into the current block system is explored along with the advantages of more flexibility and efficiencies in routing that result.
The internet sometimes seems ethereal, detached from physical reality. But it lives in the world of commerce, regulation and sanctions, right along with the rest of us. So, the many actions taken against Russia following its invasion of Ukraine have ramifications in IP transfers. Key among them are banking restrictions effecting funds tranfers but non-banking sanctions also are having an impact. To discover some of the effects of these regulations, read our blog on the subject.